Our BioEnergia unit is based in Brazil, in the state of Minas Gerais and is dedicated to the sustainable management of our forestry and charcoal production.

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A responsible performance

Our forest management is based upon the best practices, recognized by the Forest Stewardship Council’s (FSC®) certification, which standards and principles conciliate ecological protection (flora and fauna, but also water reserves) with social benefits and economic feasibility. 

Besides, the carbonization process is realised without any extractive fuels and with an extraordinary energy efficiency, reusing the heat and gases generated by incineration to dry the wood and generate electricity. As a result of this efficient and responsible process, the entire  charcoal production is sent to the furnaces of the Aperam Brazilian steel plant, which is located in the same state in the city of Timóteo, some 350 kilometres away.

A positive footprint

There, this charcoal is used in our steel-making process as a natural and renewable substitute for fossil fuels (coke). This allows us to eradicate entirely the use of extractive coke and makes our steel a leader in terms of CO2 footprint (see dedicated page), based on our Industry’s commonly used methodology that is actually not paying tribute to the many ecological services rendered by the forest (carbon sequestration and soil enrichment but also erosion control and shelter to the wild life).
According to us, our forestry is actually carbon positive, which means that it is acting as a carbon sink - and this is also why our BioEnergia unit is a source of pride for our teams, who are keen to promote our products with ‘green’ labels.


Eucalypt and Water

Alike any vegetation, eucalypt needs water and nutrients in order to survive. Studies demonstrate that it consumes the same amount of water as native forests. In line with current technological developments, our forests are made of selected cloned saplings. This has two consequences:

- They present higher biological efficiency when compared to other agricultural cultivations: in other words, they produce more timber from less resources. For example, 1 thousand liters of water gives 2 kg of corn, 500g of potatoes, 400g of cerrado wood, almost 2.9 kg of eucalypt wood.

- The selection process deprives them from the so-called pivoting roots which only can reach water tables. As a result, our forests rely on superficial layers of water for a fully sustainable use of local resources that is not endangering deep reserves. (see dedicated page)



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